England Guide

Name:                            England

Capital:                          London

Area:                             130,395 km2 (50,346 sq mi)

Population:                     49,138,831   

Official language:             English

England is a country that is a part of the United Kingdom. It borders with Wales and Scotland. Out of four countries forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK), England is the largest and the most popular one. It occupies the area of 130 395 square kilometers in the south-eastern part of the island of Great Britain. The capital city is London.  England's other largest cities include Birmingham, Sheffield, Leeds, Manchester and Liverpool. The country is divided into one of nine regions and 48 ceremonial counties. The official language is English.

The country has natural gas and large coal. UK is the largest producer of oil in Western Europe after Norway. UK has one of the largest economies in Western Europe and one of the strongest in whole Europe.

Tourism is considered to be the sixth largest industry in the country which brings more than 75 billion pounds and employs more than 6% of working population. Insurance, banking and business services are centered in such big cities as Birmingham, Manchester and London. Service industries employ more than 71% of the working population.

English weather is always a subject to discussions. It is very changeable and damp with the coldest January and February. The warmest month is July. The mild weather is usually in May, June, September and October.

From extremely beautiful hills of the Cotswolds and calm Cornish villages to busy streets of London, England seems to have it all. It boasts of the ancient megaliths of Stonehenge as well as the modern bars, restaurants and the finest music venues in Europe.
The English are very often characterized as cold, reserved and obsessive tea lovers. But there is nothing more than a stereotype, because in fact they are generous and friendly. 

England gave birth to such legends as William Shakespeare, Robert Burns, Princess Diana and of course the Beatles and Sherlock Holmes. Since the days of the Beatles Liverpool has become a heart of British music. The city is nowadays full of nightclubs and different music venues where you may now here all genres of music from indie to dance sounds.

Theater goers shouldn’t miss Shakespeare’s Globe. According to modern standards the theater is pretty small but it still retains its spirit thanks to great Shakespeare’s plays. Thanks to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle for example Sherlock Holmes’ museum has also become extremely popular among tourists from all over the world. This one of top ten museums of London is located on the Baker Street and is fully dedicated to the life and times of famous fictional detective. Among the Holmes’ personal belongings are the violin, magnifying glass and a deerstalker hat.

The British did a great job to preserve their history and even though there are a lot of stereotypes about this nation, you need to visit this country to fully understand how friendly and charming it is.