Regions of England


Covering the area of more than 130 thousand square kilometers, England comprises the two-third part of the United Kingdom territory. Being one out of four consistent parts of the country, England is also divided into certain regions, which have different attractions to offer ddifferent economic specializations.

Greater London

Greater London is considered to be the heart of England, being comprised with City of London and London boroughs. It was founded in 1965, when several counties have united into one territorial unit (administrative area); in particular, Greater London was formed with the territories of Middlesex, London, and City of London, parts of such historic counties as Essex, Hertfordshire, Surrey and Kent. In 1994 Greater London was established as the region of England. The most attractive touristic part is the City of London with special historical privileges resembling Vatican in Rome (for example, the Queen may enter the territory of the City only with a permission of the Lord Mayor). This ceremonial county has been the city-state since 1695, having own government and being out of jurisdiction of British Empire. Nowadays it is one of the biggest financial centers of the world, challenging Tokyo, New-York and Frankfurt, which attracts visitors with a mix of reconstructed historical buildings (including St. Paul’s Cathedral) after the city fire in 1666 and ultra-modern edifices.

South East England

South East England has an administrative center in the city of Guildford. This region also includes the most of cultural cities of England, like Oxford with one of the oldest universities in Europe and the world, sea resort Briton, ports of Portsmouth and Southampton. Two out of 28 UNESCO Heritage sites in the country are located precisely in South East England: Blenheim Palace (in Baroque style of the 18th century) and Canterbury.

South West England

South West England is the image of green meadows, sophisticated cities, myths and mysteries. Notwithstanding the domination of outdoor recreation. This region can boast of such cities as: Bristol (the center of creative business), Bath and Exeter (best shopping spots outside London), St. Ives, Totnes and Dartington (small tourist towns) and Newquay (the capital of English surfing).

West Midlands

West Midlands is one of the regions with highly developed economics, mostly thanks to its administrative center of Birmingham (machine construction center). The other impressive city is Coventry with its Gothic cathedrals and churches. Iron bridge Gorge is located here, which is the monument of industrial revolution of the 18th century.

North West England

North West England is known for its big cities of Manchester and Liverpool. Cultural and economic diversity of this region pulls in a big number of tourists and business-visitors. It is also a point of destination of multiple football fans due to a list of professional football clubs originated in this area.

North East England

Newcastle upon Tyne, one of the most prominent industrial cities in England, is the administrative center of North East England. Durham City, located within the region, is well-known tourist spot with its Norman castle and Cathedral, constructed in the Roman style.

Yorkshire and the Humber specializes in port operations and automobile industry, concentrated in the cities of Leeds and Sheffield. It is also impossible not to mention Studley Royal Park and Saltaire Village near Bradford, the old manufacturing site included to UNESCO list.

East Midlands

East Midlands is popular for cultural spots of Nottingham (the monuments of Renaissance, All Saints' Church and sport attractions), the 16th-century architecture and economic prosperity of Derby and royal theaters, parks and shopping in Northampton.

East of England is associated with Cambridge City, one of two world-famous university campuses in England (alongside Oxford). That is why lots of students and tourists often visit this town. Although, it is not the biggest city of the region – this title belongs to the City of Luton with lots of amusement sites and shopping malls. Luton Carnival on the May Bank Holiday obtains a huge fame in Europe every year.